English Language and Literature

English Language and LIterature

This list is not intended to be comprehensive, but should provide some good places to start.

Basic Elements of English Grammar Guide
Grammar tutorials offered by the English Department at the University of Calgary.
The tutorials are divided into four major sections: Parts of Speech, Sentence Elements, Punctuation and Word Use.

English-Zone.com – Grammar Zone
The goal is to provide engaging, entertaining, yet educational activities, English grammar lessons, and interactive English grammar exercises.

Grammatically Correct
This site is intended to be a quick and easy introduction to correct English grammar.

Guide to Grammar and Style
Put together by Professor Jack Lynch of Rutgers University. Lots of good advice, easy to use (alphabetical listing, hyperlinked), extremely useful.

Lists of Grammar Lists
This site provides lists of grammar items for use by ESL/EFL teachers. These lists have been prepared by ESL/EFL teachers to share with colleagues.

Modern English Grammar
Daniel Kies, Department of English, College of DuPage, maintains this complete and easy-to-navigate textbook.

Online English Grammar
The free online reference and guide for English grammar, writing, punctuation and learning. Includes a free online assessment test, games, quizzes, crossword puzzles and resources for teachers.

This list is not intended to be comprehensive, but should provide some good places to start.

Academic Writing
Extensive advice on writing academic essays (by Andy Gillett from the University of Hertfordshire). Plus links to many other resources.

Advice on Academic Writing
From the University of Toronto, this page this page has many useful and well written handouts for academic writers.

American Heritage® Book of English Usage: A Practical and Authoritative Guide to Contemporary English
With a detailed look at grammar, style, diction, word formation, gender, social groups and scientific forms, this valuable reference work is ideal for students, writers, academicians and anybody concerned about proper writing style.

Correct Punctuation
This web site is intended as a brief guide to English punctuation. The site isn't meant to be a comprehensive discussion of the history and future of punctuation marks or even a detailed study of correct punctuation as it's used (and abused) today. It's only here to offer a quick guide to the basics.

Guide to Writing a Basic Essay
Basic advice on writing an essay plus links to other resources.

Guide for Writing Research Papers Based on Modern Language Association (MLA) Documentation
Prepared by the Humanities Department and Arthur C. Banks Jr. Library at Capital Community College, Hartford, Connecticut.

Information Stop
From George Mason University’s Writing Center, this page delivers short handouts written in response to college writers' questions about grammar, writing papers in different disciplines, styles of writing and research.

Online Technical Writing
A completely online textbook prepared by David A. McMurrey, at Austin Community College (ACC) in Austin, Texas.

Ph.D. Thesis Writing
Provides a list of pages on writing your Ph.D. thesis from universities such as Harvard and Columbia among others.

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)
Offers over 200 free resources including: Writing and Teaching Writing; Research; Grammar and Mechanics; Style Guides; and ESL (English as a Second Language).

Royal Literary Fund's Guide to writing undergraduate essays
Guides to researching, planning, drafting, editing academic essays.

Specific Writing Assignments
From the Writing Center at Claremont Graduate University, the online guides from this page will be useful to students.

Way to Write!: an interactive guide to writing
Offered by the English Department at the University of Calgary.

Writers’ Handbook
From the Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin – Madison.

Writing Argumentative Essays
Created by Bill Daly, this unit of curriculum aims to teach students how to write short argumentative essays of approximately 1000 words.

Writing Resources
From Harvard University’s Writing Center, this page contains links to resources both inside and outside of Harvard that are considered helpful.

Online Writing resources

Reference Tools

Dictionary of American Regional English
Like other dictionaries, the Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE) is arranged alphabetically by headword, from A to Z.
What is different about DARE is that it shows where people use the words that are included.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition
Over 90,000 entries feature 10,000 new words and senses, 70,000 audio word pronunciations, 900 full-page color illustrations, language notes and word-root appendixes.

Cambridge Dictionaries Online
Online look up in any of five dictionaries.

Dictionary of Slang
English slang and colloquialisms used in the United Kingdom

Hutchinson Dictionary of Difficult Words
An A-Z index of over 13,900 difficult words to increase your vocabulary or just find out what those words really mean!

Merriam-Webster Online
Search the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary.

Newbury House Dictionary of American English
This dictionary from Heinle contains over 40,000 entries. With simple, clear definitions, this online tool provides a wealth of sample sentences and idioms.

Online Slang Dictionary
A large selection, mainly user-contributed.

Septics’s Companion
An A-to-Zed dictionary of British Slang words and phrases.

Encyclopedias Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th edition
Containing nearly 51,000 entries (marshalling six and one-half million words on a vast range of topics), and with more than 80,000 hypertext cross-references, the current Sixth Edition is among the most complete and up-to-date encyclopedias ever produced.

A free online encyclopedia, Encyclopedia.com features premier titles like The Columbia Encyclopedia, Oxford’s World Encyclopedia, and the Encyclopedia of World Biography.

Quotations Columbia World of Quotations
The 65,000 essential quotations that constitute this authoritative collection represent the research of 154 experts. Entries from more than 5,000 authors and speakers are multiply classified into 6,500 subjects.

Familiar Quotations: A Collection of Passages, Phrases, and Proverbs Traced to Their Sources in Ancient and Modern Literature, 10th edition
This tenth edition of 1919 contains over 11,000 searchable quotations and was the first new edition of John Bartlett’s corpus to be published after his death in 1905—the new editor, however, choosing more to supplement than revise the work of the first name in quotations.

Simpson’s Contemporary Quotations: The Most Notable Quotations: 1950–1988
With over 9,000 quotations from 4,000 sources organized into 25 categories and 60 sections, this comprehensive reference work contains words of wit and wisdom from such modern notables as Ezra Pound, Henry Kissinger, George Orwell, Dorothy Parker, and Desmond Tutu.


Roget’s II: the New Thesaurus, 3rd edition
Containing 35,000 synonyms and over 250,000 cross-references in an easy-to-use format, this thesaurus features
succinct word definitions and an innovative hyperlinked category index.

Roget’s International Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases, 1922
Peter Roget’s classic structure coupled with Mawson’s modernization becomes even more user-friendly on Bartleby.com with 85,000 hyperlinked cross-references—thus fulfilling their goal of “each word being related to its neighbors and each part to the whole.” Additionally, over 2,900 proverbs and quotations from classic and modern authors illustrate the 1,000-plus entries.

Language, Linguistic and Literature Style

Guides General Citation Game
This interactive exercise provides practice in "putting citation elements (Title, Author, etc.) into the correct MLA or APA style order." Users review a chart comparing APA (American Psychological Association) and MLA (Modern Language Association) citations, then drag and drop parts of citations into the appropriate order. From University of Washington TRIO, part of a U.S. Department of Education program.

Citation Style for Research Papers
This Web site lists bibliographic citation styles for APA (American Psychological Association), MLA (Modern Language Association), AMA (American Medical Association), Chicago Manual of Style, and Turabian Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. Color-coded sample citations for books, book chapters, ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) documents, Web sites, and journal, newspaper, and encyclopedia articles are provided for each style. Includes links. From Long Island University.

Elements of Style
This classic reference book is a must-have for any student and conscientious writer. Intended for use in which the practice of composition is combined with the study of literature, it gives in brief space the principal requirements of plain English style and concentrates attention on the rules of usage and principles of composition most commonly violated.

This site’s mission is to help people all over the world prevent plagiarism and restore integrity to written work.

Synthesis: Using the Work of Others
This tutorial explains plagiarism and its consequences and describes techniques for taking notes and quoting sources to avoid plagiarism. Includes a section on copyright, information about citing Web sources, and plagiarism and copyright infringement quizzes. From the University of Maine at Farmington Writing Center and Mantor Library.

A free, easy-to-use Firefox extension to help collect, manage, and cite your research sources. It has downloads for the styles of the major guides (Chicago, MLA, Turabien, PubMed) as well as the styles for many of the leading journals across the disciplines.

Specific Style information

MLA Formatting and Style Guide
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (6th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (2nd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in MLA

Unified Style Sheet for Linguistics Journals
This style has been worked out in consultation with a broad range of editors, and it reflects broad, though not universal consensus. Most importantly, the Linguistic Journal Editors' group see this as a step in an ongoing process: Some journals will adopt this sheet in to, others will adopt it on most points, but define certain differences, reflecting the norms of a subfield or language-specific tradition. The style sheet is available for download at this site.

Compilation Pages (Include instructions for more than one style guide)

Citing Resources
Developed by Kansas State University Libraries, this page provides links to webpages for MLA, Chicago and APA style guides. Also includes a link to pages that offer assistance in citing e-resources in several styles as well as links to other cites that offer hints for citing photographs, personal communications, maps and other resources that are frustrating to cite.

Citing References in Your Paper
From the University of Wisconsin Madison’s Writing Center, the information from this site guides you in gathering, evaluating, and using the work of others in your academic writing projects. If you learn a few basic rules, you can quickly format your researched papers in accordance with the style required for your course.

Citing Sources
http://guides.library.jhu.edu/content.php?pid=16431&sid=110728 Developed by Johns Hopkins University’s The Sheridan Libraries, these pages feature frequently used citation styles and related tools that can help you.

Free Audio Books

100 free short English stories for ESL learners
The site includes listening, grammar, comprehension, and dictation exercises.

1000+ Free Books, MP3 Audio Books
http://www.free-books.org/index.php Both books and poetry are available at this site. Free curricula are also available.

This site requires that the user register first. Some items require payment. Every audio book produced and recorded by professional actors/narrators and experienced directors.

All books from this site are freely available. Many subjects and genres are included.

Free Classic Audio Books
This site features both free and purchased audio books in 2 groups – human narrated and text to speech conversion.

LibriVox volunteers record chapters of books in the public domain, and then release the audio files back onto the net for free. All audio from this site is in the public domain, so you may use it for whatever purpose you wish.

Open Culture
Open Culture explores cultural and educational media (podcasts, videos, online courses, etc.) that’s freely available on the web and that makes learning dynamic, productive, and fun. In addition to audio books, the site includes English language lessons.

Wired for Books
Features poems, stories, plays, essays, lectures, and interviews for children and adults.

Activities for Students

100 free short English stories for ESL learners
The site includes listening, grammar, comprehension, and dictation exercises.

Activities for ESL Students
Quizzes, tests, exercises and puzzles to help you learn English as a Second Language (ESL).

Interesting Things for ESL Students
A fun study site that features word games, puzzles, quizzes, exercises, slang, proverbs and much more.

Karin’s ESL PartyLand For ESL Students and Teachers
Includes a wide range of ways for students to use the web site for practice. Activities include: interactive quizzes, real time chats, discussion groups, opportunities to talk about popular themes (e.g., music, movies), and e-pals.

Study Zone
From the University of Victoria, this page provides English-language lessons, practice exercises, and help pages for basic writing skills.

English Exercises Online
This site gives you free access to more than 100 language resources, interactive quizzes and exercises, ready-to-use handouts, and time-saving lesson ideas.

Resources, Guides, handouts and syllabi

College Research Paper Resources: Affordable Colleges Online, explains to students the importance of utilizing the entire internet when researching topics for projects.

About.com: English as 2nd Langage
This website features information about the subject as well as quizzes, handouts, lesson plans and so on.

EfA: Using English for Academic Purposes: a Guide for Students in Higher Education
Exercises written by Andy Gillett on listening, reading, writing, speaking, vocabulary and so on.

ESL Lessons Plans and Resources
Links to Web sites with online lesson plans for teaching ESL.

English Exercises Online
This site gives you free access to more than 100 language resources, interactive quizzes and exercises, ready-to-use handouts, and time-saving lesson ideas.

This website is designed for ESL and EFL teachers who want ideas and activities for teaching conversation, reading, writing, grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation. Stressing practical classroom applications, they provide tips, lesson ideas, and photocopiable activities.

HyperGrammar *
An electronic grammar course at the University of Ottawa's Writing Centre. It allows users to create and follow their own lines of thought. On its first appearance on any page, every grammatical term is linked to its definition. A user reading about nouns might jump to the simple subject, and from there to subordinate clauses -- users are not required or even encouraged to use this material in order.

Interactive English Language Exercises
Interactive exercises for practicing grammar, vocabulary and idioms.

Internet Grammar of English
An online course in English grammar written primarily for university undergraduates.

TESL : Handouts for Classroom Use
http://iteslj.org/links/TESL/Handouts_for_Classroom_Use/ (A collection of websites that have handouts for use by teachers or students)

TESL : Lesson Preparation Tools
http://iteslj.org/links/TESL/Lesson_Preparation_Tools/ (A collection of websites featuring tools for preparing lessons)

TESL : Lessons
http://iteslj.org/links/TESL/Lessons/ (A collection of websites featuring lesson plans and activities for the classroom)

TESL : Pronunciation
http://iteslj.org/links/TESL/Pronunciation/ (A collection of websites featuring phonetics, and exercises)

TESL : Teaching Techniques
http://iteslj.org/links/TESL/Teaching_Techniques/ (A collection of websites with information on teaching techniques)

TESL : Teaching Tips and Ideas
http://iteslj.org/links/TESL/Teaching_Tips_and_Ideas/ (A collection of websites with teaching tips and ideas)

TESL : Vocabulary
http://iteslj.org/links/TESL/Vocabulary/ (A collection of websites for building vocabulary, frequency of word usage, etc.)

A free resource used to enhance vocabulary mastery & written/verbal skills with Latin & Greek root.

The Language Teacher
TLT is JALT's monthly publication, and carries a diverse range of material related to language teaching and learning, particularly in an Asian context.

Journals (Completely or partially full text online)

EA journal
A professional journal for teachers of English to speakers of other languages, specifically to international students, in Australia. It comprises peer-reviewed articles from TESOL practitioners and academics as well as a section on classroom practice and reviews of TESOL resources. Back issues are available full text online.

JALT Journal
Provides full text online access to the research journal of the Japan Association for Language Teaching. Prior to 2001, only the indexes and abstracts are available online.

TESOL Canada Journal
Issues older than two years are freely available online.

TESL CANADA (Teachers of English as a Second Language in Canada)
A national organization dedicated to advancing communication and coordinating awareness of issues for those concerned with English as a second language and English skills development.

English Australia
The national association for accredited public and private English language colleges in Australia. English Australia promotes quality English language training and represents the interests of member colleges.

Japan Association for Language Teaching
A nonprofit organisation dedicated to the improvement of language teaching and learning both within Japan and internationally.

An independent professional organization established in 1966. The organization was created out of professional concern over the lack of a single,
all-inclusive professional organization that might bring together teachers and administrators at all educational levels with an interest in teaching English
to speakers of other languages (ESOL).

British Council
The British Council runs programmes in education, English language, the arts, science and technology, sport and governance.

International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language
The mission of this organization is to link, develop and support English Language Teaching professionals throughout the world.

CBC Digital Archives
The CBC Digital Archives website allows you to listen and view generations of journalists, technicians, performers, politicians, artists and people from every walk of life who have left their mark on programs and broadcasts recorded somewhere among the millions of tapes, discs, films, documents and artifacts that fill the CBC/Radio-Canada archives.

http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/b/bib/bib-idx?c=oaister;page=simple OAIster is a union catalog of digital resources.
Provides one-stop "shopping" for users interested in useful, academically-oriented digital resources.

HighWire Press
The largest archive of free full-text science and scholarly articles available on the Internet. The entire content of some journals is freely available while other journals have free back issues.

DOAJ, Directory of Open Access Journals
This service covers free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. We aim to cover all subjects and languages. There are over 4,000 journal titles of which almost 1/3 are searchable at the article level.

Edmund Spenser Homepage
This set of pages is devoted to supporting the reading, study, and dicussion of the words of Edmund Spenser. It aims to serve the needs of the scholar, of the student, and of the interested passer-by, offering resources and links of various level of specialization.

Mr. William Shakespeare and the Internet
This site attempts two things: To be an annotated guide to the scholarly Shakespeare resources available on the Internet, and, To present unique Shakespeare material unavailable elsewhere on the Internet. Among the materials presented are a Shakespeare timeline, study guides, information about contemporaries, courses and lesson plans and much more.

Complete Works of William Shakespeare
The Web’s first edition of the complete works of William Shakespeare.

This site contains the collected works of the poet, as well as a selection of lectures, articles and other information.

Milton Reading Room
The site now contains all of Milton's poetry in English, Italian, Latin, and Greek, and selections of his prose. Almost all of the works presented here have been fully annotated; most have solid introductions as well.

Complete Works of Christopher Marlowe
Included here are all of Marlowe's plays, his two known poetic works, Hero and Leander and The Passionate Shepheard to His Love, his translations of Ovid and Lucan, and the short miscellaneous works attributed to Marlowe, a dedicatory epistle to Mary, the Countess of Pembroke and the epitaph on Sir Roger Manwood.

Sites Devoted to Specific Authors

William Blake Archive
This site collects and presents Blake’s works as a writer, printmaker and painter.

Lewis Carroll Homepage
This site, hosted by the Lewis Carroll Society of North America. is a guide to Lewis Carroll resources and documents (includes critical analysis and interpretation, teaching aids and courses) on-line and in print.

Renascence Editions
Hosted by the University of Oregon, this is an online repository of works printed in English between the years 1477 and 1799.

This site combines several sites first created to provide a starting point for students and enthusiasts of English Literature. Nothing replaces a quality library, but hopefully this site will help fill the needs of those who have not access to one. Sections include Medieval, Renaissance, 17th Century, and Restoration period literature as well as English Renaissance Drama; and Renaissance English Religious writers.

Texts from/about Specific Periods

Voice of the Shuttle : Victorian Literature
This site lists links to other Web sites: general resources in Victorian literature; authors, works, projects; selected social issues and writing; course syllabi and teaching resources; criticism and critics (general); journals; listservs and newsgroups; and conferences and calls for papers.

Sonnet Centra
An archive of English sonnets, commentary, and relevant web links and a forum for poets to share and discuss their own work. All sonnets presented here are modernized texts for the general reader and are not presented for purposes of scholarly work. Sonnets are grouped by period and can also be accessed quickly via an alphabetical author list.

Modern English Collection
Developed and maintained by the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia Library, this collection contains fiction, non-fiction, poetry, drama, letters, newspapers, manuscripts and illustrations from 1500 to the present, arranged for browsing by author's last name or by category of interest.

This site has thousands of e-books, poems, articles, short stories and plays. Study guides offer in-depth summaries, discussions and commentaries on the texts. It includes Teachers' Resources, a forum for accessing and sharing resources for the teaching of English and English literature, as well as an extensive library of reference books, biographies, classic non-fiction and religious texts.

Elizabethan Authors
Includes texts, resources, authorship studies and some original research papers.

Camelot Project at the University of Rochester
http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/cphome.stm The project is designed to make available in electronic format a database of Arthurian texts,
images, bibliographies, and basic information.

Eldritch Press
Almost everything at this site has been placed in the public domain with a Creative Commons deed.

Online Books Page
This website facilitates access to books that are freely readable over the Internet. It contains an index of
thousands of online books freely readable on the Internet as well as pointers to significant directories and archives of online texts.

Literature @ SunSITE
http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/Literature/ Created by the Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE, this collection of digital texts
can be read online, printed, or downloaded for further study.

Harvard Classics and Shelf of Fiction
A comprehensive and well-researched anthology that covers every major literary figure, philosopher, religion, folklore and historical
subject through the twentieth century. Includes introductions, notes, guides to reading, and exhaustive indexes.

Project Gutenberg
The first and largest single collection of free electronic books, or eBooks. There is also a selection of audio books, both human read and computer generated.

http://www.literature.org The Online Literature Library has full and unabridged texts of classic works of English literature. Has an author index.

Google Book Search
Over 7 million books. Out-of-copyright books are available for users to read, download and print.

Books, Drama and Poetry

Cambridge History of English and American Literature
Considered the most important work of literary history and criticism ever published, the Cambridge History contains over 303 chapters and 11,000 pages, with essay topics ranging from poetry, fiction, drama and essays to history, theology and political writing. The set encompasses a wide selection of writing on orators, humorists, poets, newspaper columnists, religious leaders, economists, Native Americans, song writers, and even non-English writing, such as Yiddish and Creole.